Utilization of Hibiscus Leaves Extract as an Environmentally Friendly Detergent Active Ingredients

Utilization of Hibiscus Leaves Extract as an Environmentally Friendly Detergent Active Ingredients

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31938/jsn.v12i2.381

Abstract

Detergent is an ingredient used to maintain cleanliness. In the manufacture of detergents, an active ingredient in the form of LAS (Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate) surfactant is often added to kill bacteria. In addition to using synthetic materials, natural ingredients can also be used that can act as antibacterial. One of the natural ingredients with antibacterial activity is hibiscus leaves (Hibiscus tilianceus L). The use of hibiscus leaf extract as a substitute for LAS surfactants aims to reduce the impact of environmental pollution The purpose of this research was to find the right formula in the manufacture of liquid detergent made from hibiscus leaf extract and determine its quality based on SNI 06-0475-1996. The research method used is experimental research that produces qualitative and quantitative data. Qualitative data include phytochemical tests, organoleptic tests, hard water emulsion stability tests, and cleaning power tests. The resulting quantitative data includes the characteristics of the liquid detergent produced based on testing pH, specific gravity, antimicrobial test, phenol coefficient, and levels of active substances. Based on the study, results showed that hibiscus leaf extract contained secondary metabolites in the form of saponins, triterpenoid/steroidal saponins, flavonoids, and polyphenols. The antibacterial test showed that hibiscus leaf liquid detergent had antibacterial activity 1.67 times more effective than phenol. The product test results show that the liquid detergent of hibiscus leaves has the quality according to SNI 06-0475-1996.

Keywords: Hibiscus Leaf Extract; Eco-Friendly Detergent; Hibiscus leaves; Surfactant; LAS (Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate)

 

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arifin, B., & Ibrahim, S. (2018). Struktur, bioaktivitas dan antioksidan flavonoid. Jurnal Zarah, 6(1), 21–29.

Bratovcic, A., Nazdrajic, S., Odobasic, A., & Sestan, I. (2018). The influence of type of surfactant on physicochemical properties of liquid soap. Int. J. Mat. Chem, 8, 31–37.

[BSN] Badan Standarisasi Nasional. 1996. SNI-06-0475-1996 tentang Deterjen Cuci Cair. Heath. 2000.

Detergent A Guide To The Properties and Uses A Detergen in Micro System. USA: American

Society for Microbiology.

Chairunnisa, S., Wartini, N. M., & Suhendra, L. (2019). Pengaruh suhu dan waktu maserasi terhadap karakteristik ekstrak daun bidara (Ziziphus mauritiana L.) sebagai Sumber Saponin. Jurnal Rekayasa Dan Manajemen Agroindustri ISSN, 2503, 488X.

Chavhan, A. (2017). Efficacy study of some antiseptics and disinfectants. Int. J. of Life Sciences, 5(4), 593–598.

Cornwell, P. (2018). A review of shampoo surfactant technology: Consumer benefits, raw materials and recent developments. International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 40(1), 16–30.

Dominguez, C. M., Romero, A., Fernandez, J., & Santos, A. (2018). In situ chemical reduction of chlorinated organic compounds from lindane production wastes by zero valent iron microparticles. Journal of Water Process Engineering, 26, 146–155.

Ghorbani, A. (2017). Mechanisms of antidiabetic effects of flavonoid rutin. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 96, 305–312.

Harborne, A. (1998). Phytochemical methods a guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. springer science & business media.

Harborne, J. B. (2013). The Flavonoids: Advances in Research since 1980. Springer.

Karimi, S., Lotfipour, F., Asnaashari, S., Asgharian, P., Sarvari, Y., & Hazrati, S. (2019). Phytochemical analysis and anti-microbial activity of some Important medicinal plants from north-west of Iran. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR, 18(4), 1871.

Liu, B., Li, T., Wang, W., Sagis, L., Yuan, Q., Lei, X., Cohen Stuart, M. A., Li, D., Bao, C., & Bai, J. (2020). Corncob cellulose nanosphere as an eco-friendly detergent. Nature Sustainability, 3(6), 448–458.

McNichol, L. L., Ayello, E. A., Phearman, L. A., Pezzella, P. A., & Culver, E. A. (2018). Incontinence-associated dermatitis: State of the science and knowledge translation. Advances in Skin & Wound Care, 31(11), 502–513.

Novitasari, D. (2017). Potensi Ekstrak Biji Lamtoro (Leucana leucocephala) Kaya Polifenol Terenkapsulasi Sebagai Antioksidan dan Antibakteri.

Nurfarahin, A. H., Mohamed, M. S., & Phang, L. Y. (2018). Culture medium development for microbial-derived surfactants production—An overview. Molecules, 23(5), 1049.

Olivia, N. U., Goodness, U. C., & Obinna, O. M. (2021). Phytochemical profiling and GC-MS analysis of aqueous methanol fraction of Hibiscus asper leaves. Future Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 7(1), 1–5.

Pinheiro Da Silva Pinto, J. I. (2022). Hand dishwashing and emulsion stability.

Ramanathan, S., Gopinath, S. C., Anbu, P., Lakshmipriya, T., Kasim, F. H., & Lee, C.-G. (2018). Eco-friendly synthesis of Solanum trilobatum extract-capped silver nanoparticles is compatible with good antimicrobial activities. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1160, 80–91.

Scott, M. J., & Jones, M. N. (2000). The biodegradation of surfactants in the environment. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Biomembranes, 1508(1–2), 235–251.

Yamasaki, M., Sakai, T., Ito, T., & Mori, K. (2017). Bactericidal effects of disinfectants on Yersinia ruckeri. Fish Pathology, 52(4), 198–201.

Yuan, Y., Ning, X., Zhang, Y., Lai, X., Li, D., He, Z., & Chen, X. (2020). Chlorobenzene levels, component distribution, and ambient severity in wastewater from five textile dyeing wastewater treatment plants. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 193, 110257.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-29

How to Cite

Hidayah, M. A., Tunjungsari, G. P., Ahmad, A., & Fikroh, R. A. (2022). Utilization of Hibiscus Leaves Extract as an Environmentally Friendly Detergent Active Ingredients. JURNAL SAINS NATURAL, 12(2), 54–64. https://doi.org/10.31938/jsn.v12i2.381

Metrics

Loading...